Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate is the chemical compound with the formula Na HCO 3 . Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda ( sodium carbonate ). The natural mineral form is nahcolite . It is a component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral springs . It is found in dissolved form in bile , where it serves to neutralize the acidity of the hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach, and is excreted into the duodenum of the small intestine via the bile duct. It is also produced artificially.
Since it has long been known and is widely used, the salt has many related names such as baking soda , bread soda , cooking soda , and bicarbonate of soda . In colloquial usage, its name is shortened to sodium bicarb , bicarb soda , or simply bicarb . The word saleratus , from Latin sal ?ratus meaning aerated salt , was widely used in the 19th century for both sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate . The term has now fallen out of common usage.